The concept of imagery is to make an image of successful movement skill or a
relaxing image in mind with no body training and external experience. The aim of
the present study was to compare the effect of traditional and PETTLEP mental
imagery methods on static and dynamic balance. The statistical population
consisted of all female University of Tehran students who had general physical
education course (1) in the first educational semester in 1389-1390. 54
participants (Mean age 21.94±1.89 yrs) attended voluntary in this study. First, they
completed the Revised Movement Imagery Questionnaire (MIQ-R: Hall & Martin,
1997). Afterwards, pretest of static balance (Stork Balance Test) and dynamic
balance (Modified Bass Test of Dynamic Balance) were performed. Participants
were randomly assigned to three (n=18) groups (Physical training, Traditional
imagery and PETTLEP imagery) and trained for 12 weeks (20 min/week). Finally,
posttests of static and dynamic balance were performed under the same condition
as the pretest. Retention test was performed 24 hours later and transfer test 30
minutes after the retention test. One-way ANOVA test showed no significant
difference in static balance, dynamic balance and imagery ability scores in pretest
among groups (p>0.05). Although ANOVA with repeated measures illustrated that
although all three groups improved significantly in static and dynamic balance
(P<0.05), there were no significant differences in posttest among them (P>0.05).
Overall, results showed PETTLEP imagery was an effective method but not
sufficiently efficient in dynamic balance.