Document Type : Research Paper


1 MSc in Motor Behavior, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

2 Professor, Faculty ofPhysical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Tehran, TehranIran

3 Associate Professor, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran


Attitude plays an important role in success and is one of the aspects that
affect students’ learning. The aim of the present study was to investigate the
validity and reliability of Persian version of Student’s Attitude Toward
Physical Education Scale (SATPES). This study was descriptive-correlation
and the statistical population consisted of all 12-14-year-old students of 1st
grade of middle schools in Tehran city. Student’s Attitude Toward Physical
Education Scale (SATPES) was used in this study and Subramaniam and
Silverman (2000) had validated it. It included two subscales and 20 items
with 5-point Likert responses and 415 questionnaires of this scale were
completed by students. Test-retest method was applied in order to calculate
the temporal reliability and Cronbach’s alpha was used to determine internal
consistency. To determine construct validity, confirmatory and exploratory
factor analyses were applied. The results showed that Persian version of
SATPES supported two dimensional approach of attitude in enjoyment and
benefit with 20 items; thus validity (fit indexes were above the acceptable
level of 0.9) and reliability (above the acceptable level of 0.7) of the scale
were confirmed. In conclusion, Persian version of Student’s Attitude Toward
Physical Education Scale is recommended to measure students’ attitude


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