The Advantages of PETTLEP Imagery in Bilateral Transfer Handball Shooting Skills for Students

Document Type : Research Paper


1 MSc in motor control and learning, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

2 Associate Professor, Department of Motor Behaviour and Sport Psychology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Science, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran


Nowadays,universities are known as the main context of thinking and contemplation and students have an essential role in the development of the society.Therefore,factors affecting educational and researchperformance are of great importance.The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of PETTLEP imagery on bilateral transfer of handball skill.The Sample included B.Sc students in physical education at the University ofTehran,24of which participated in thisresearch voluntarily.After taking part in the pretest, the participants were randomly divided into2groups of imagery with dominant hand and non-dominant hand.Then PETTLEP imagery was applied on both groups for12sessions.A posttest similar to the pretest was done after the last session.This was followed by aretention test after24hours and then a transfer test in the form of handball tripleshootafter30minutes.After ensuring the consistency of variances by Leven test and normality of the data by Shapiro-Wilk test,a multivariate analysis of variance(MANOVA)and an analysis of variance with repeated measures with asignificant level of α=.05 were used.The results showed that intervention of PETTLEP imagery hada significant effect on skill transfer through the entire process(P≥.05).Thus,PETTLEP imagery causes the occurrence of bilateral transfer.Therefore,PEETLEP mental imagery is recommended to be used for the improvement of people's skill when employing bilateral transfer.Therefore,PEETLEP mental imagery is recommended to be used for the improvement of people's skill when employing bilateral transfer.Therefore,PEETLEP mental imagery is recommended to be used for the improvement of people's skill when employing bilateral transfer.


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Volume 13, Issue 3
December 2021
Pages 239-254
  • Receive Date: 25 August 2016
  • Revise Date: 10 October 2021
  • Accept Date: 27 February 2017
  • First Publish Date: 14 October 2021