Cognitive group behavioral therapy and its effectiveness on anxiety, depression and anger caused by trauma in injured athletes

Document Type : Research Paper

Authors

1 psychology/ tehran un.

2 هیت علمی

3 Motor Behavior, Faculty of Sports Sciences, University of Tehran

4 Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Sports injuries are often associated with emotional and psychological challenges. Psychologists and team physicians should examine emotional reactions in addition to assessing physical factors. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of group cognitive-behavioral therapy on anxiety, depression and anger caused by trauma in injured athletes. The statistical sample of the study was 33 professional athletes injured due to psychological trauma in an accessible and purposeful way with the approval of the specialists of the Sports Medicine Federation. Athletes were randomly divided into two groups of 16 consisting of a treatment group and a control group. After treatment, post-test and follow-up were performed 2 months later. Measurement tools in this study are Spielberger Anger Questionnaire (STAXI-2), Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) and Beck Depression Inventory - Second Edition (BDI-II). Data were analyzed using repeated measures analysis of variance (P <0.05). The results showed that the differences between the experimental and control groups were significant in reducing behavioral problems in the post-test and follow-up stages. The results showed that cognitive-behavioral therapy focused on psychological trauma reduces athletes' psychological problems such as anxiety and depression, but has no effect on controlling anger. The follow-up results after 2 months also showed that there was a difference in the rate of psychological reactions between the experimental and control groups and the effectiveness of the treatment remained after 2 months.

Keywords



Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript
Available Online from 02 January 2022
  • Receive Date: 06 November 2021
  • Revise Date: 13 December 2021
  • Accept Date: 27 November 2021
  • First Publish Date: 02 January 2022