The present study aimed to examine throwing accuracy and spatial and digit
working memory of field dependent-independent participants. The group embedded
figure test (GEFT) was distributed among 320 male students and based on the
GEFT scores, 45 participants were randomly divided into field dependent, field
independent and control group (15 participants/each group). The study included
two tasks (dart throwing and spatial and digit working memory). In dart throwing
task, participants threw 10 darts in pre-test stage. In acquisition stage, participants
threw 60 darts in 6 blocks of 10 trials. The retention test included a block of 10
trials which was performed 24 hours after the acquisition stage. The spatial and
digit working memory test was performed individually with Cambridge brain
science software. Data were analyzed with 2-way analysis of variance with
repeated measures, one-way ANOVA test, Tukey post hoc test and Pearson
correlation coefficient. The results indicated that field independent participants
performed better in both tests of dart throwing and working memory than field
dependent participants. The findings indicated that higher scores of the GEFT task
demonstrated higher visuospatial ability (as a component of working memory) in
field independent participants which may cause a better performance in spatial
and digit working memory and dart throwing task.