The aim of this research was to investigate the effect of observing animated
model, static images and combined model on motor learning of handstand balance
skill. 45 subjects (mean age 8.03±1.7 yr) were randomly divided into three experimental
groups: observation of animated model, static images, combined model. Subjects
trained handstand balance skill for three weeks (three sessions per week). Pretest,
acquisition test and retention test was performed for three groups. Subjects' scores
were obtained by calculating mean scores of three gymnastic referees based on
specific norm of Gymnastics Federation. The results of two-way ANOVA with
repeated measures showed significant effects of the three methods on motor
learning of handstand balance skill (pv=0.001). Also, the results showed no
significant difference between the combined model and animation model groups
(pv=0.156). Finally, both combined model and animation model groups were
better than static images group (pv=0.001). As a whole, results suggest that
observation of animation is a useful modeling method of learning handstand
balance skill in childhood. It is also suggested that static images be used along
with the animations as a supplement.