Document Type : Research Paper


1 Associate Professor of Motor Behavior, Faculty of Physical Education, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran

2 Associate Professor of Psychology, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Tabriz University, Tabriz, Iran

3 M.Sc. of Physical Education, Payam Noor University, Urmia, Iran


Physical balance is one of the important factors in daily sport activities.
Dynamic balance helps maintain the balance of those forces imposed on body in
sports and an increase in this balance improves motor and sport performance. The
aim of this study was to determine the effects of neurofeedback training on dynamic
balance of young men. 24 male undergraduate students voluntarily participated in
this study and were involved in a double-blind design including control and
experimental groups. The experimental group participated in neurofeedback
training including the inhibition of brainwaves of 4-7 Hz and the reinforcement of
brainwaves of 15-18 Hz at O1-O2 regions of the hindbrain for 10 sessions and 30
minutes per session. Participants in the control group were exposed to the same
condition, but instead they were provided with sham feedback. EEG and dynamic
balance tests were administered before, at the end of the fifth and tenth sessions of
training for both groups. The results indicated that dynamic balance significantly
improved in the fifth session and posttest. The findings demonstrate that
neurofeedback training can enhance dynamic balance of young men. It is
suggested that this training should be used to increase dynamic balance of athletes.


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