Document Type : Research Paper

Authors

1 MA, Department of Motor Behavior, Faculty of sport sciences, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran

2 Assistant Professor in Motor Behavior, Department of Motor Behavior, Faculty of sport sciences, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of self-movement on distance perception. The method of the present study is quasi-experimental. The statistical population of the present study was the students of Urmia University who were randomly selected as a sample of 60 students who were eligible to participate in the study and were randomly divided into three groups of 20 people including static group, dynamic group with treadmill speed 4 Km/h and the dynamic group were divided at a speed of 8 km/h. The test of walking blindfolded in a straight line to a previously observed target was used to measure distance perception. The results of analysis of variance showed that there was no significant difference in the perception of estimating the distance between groups, while there was a significant difference in the perception of distance with closed eyes between groups and also in perception scores. There is no significant difference in distance with closed eyes between the movement group with treadmill speeds 4 and 8, but the difference between these two groups with the group without movement is significant and Finally, the results showed that although self-motion affects the perception of distance with the eyes closed, but the speed of movement does not affect this perception. Therefore, movement can affect the perception of the surrounding environment.

Keywords

  1. Land M F. The operation of the visual system in relation to action. Current Biology. 2012; 22 (18): 811 –817.
  2. Witt JW, Proffitt DR. Action-specific influences on distance perception: a role for motor simulation. Journal of experimental psychology: American psychological association human perception and performance. 2008; 34 (6): 1479–1492.
  3. Ge´rin-Lajoie M, Ronsky J, Loitz-Ramage B, Robu I, Richards C, McFadyen B. Navigational strategies during fast walking: a comparison between trained athletes and non-athletes. Gait Posture. 2007; 26(4): 539–545.
  4. Stefanucci JK, Proffitt D, Banton T, Epstein W. Distances appear different on hills. Perception & Psychophysics. 2005; 67 (6): 1060-1052.
  5. Witt JK, Proffitt DR. See the ball, hit the ball: Apparent ball size is correlated with batting average. Psychological Science. 2005; 16; 937–938.
  6. Losa M, Fusco A, Morone G, Paolucci S. Walking there: Environmental influence on walking-distance estimation. Behavioral Brain Research. 2012; 226: 124-132.
  7. Yonezawa K, Yoshioka Y. Effect of Path Width on Human Distance Perception and Gaze Position During Walking. IN International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics. 2021; 25: 743-751.
  8. Santillán JE, Barraza JF. Distance perception during self-movement, Human Movement Science 67102496. 2019.
  9. Witt JK. Action’s effect on perception. Current Directions in Psychological Science. 2011; 20 (3): 201–206.
  10. Gibson JJ. The ecological approach to visual perception. 1979. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
  11. Bossard M, Crowe EM, Brenner E, Rushton SK. Does self-movement information influence contrast detection?. in perception. 2021; 50 (6): 584-585.
  12. Warren WH. The perception-action coupling. In Sensory-motor organizations and development in infancy and early childhood. 1990. Springer, Dordrecht: 23-37.
  13. Bredin J, Kerlirzin Y, Israël I. Path integration: is there a difference between athletes and non-athletes? Exp Brain Res. 2005; 167: 670–674.
  14. Witt J, Sugovic M. Response bias cannot explain action-specific effects: Evidence from compliant and non-compliant participants. Perception. 2013; 42: 138 – 152.
  15. Witt JK, Dorsch TE. Kicking to bigger uprights: Field goal kicking performance influences perceived size. Perception. 2009; 38: 1328–1340.
  16. Witt JK, Proffitt DR, Epstein W. Tool use affects perceived distance, but only when you intend to use it. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance. 2005; 31: 880 – 888.
  17. Witt JK, Proffitt DR. Action-specific influences on distance perception: A role for motor simulation. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance. 2008; 34: 1479−1492.
  18. Witt JK, Proffitt DR. See the ball, hit the ball: Apparent ball size is correlated with batting average. Psychological Science. 2005; 16: 937−938.
  19. Abdolahzadeh K, Mohammadzade H, Dehghanizade J. The comparison of distance perception between athletes and non-athletes. Motor Behavior. 2014; 6 (15): 73-86.
  20. Nijhawan R. Motion extrapolation in catching. Nature. 1994; 370(6487); 256 –257.
  21. Philbeck J W, Witt JK. Action-specific influences on perception and post perceptual processes: Present controversies and future directions. Psychological Bulletin. 2015; 141(6): 1120.
  22. Li Z, Phillips J, Durgin FH. The underestimation of egocentric distance: evidence from frontal matching tasks. Attention Perception and Psychophysics. 2011; 73: 2205 –2217.