نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، دانشکدۀ علوم ورزشی و تندرستی ، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران

2 کارشناسی ارشد دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، دانشکدۀ علوم ورزشی و تندرستی، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی- تهران، ایران

3 پژوهشگر پسادکتری، مرکز توانبخشی درد ستون فقرات، دانشکدۀ ورزش، علوم ورزشی و توانبخشی، کالج علوم محیطی و زندگی، دانشگاه بیرمینگام، بیرمینگام، انگلستان

4 دانشیار، دانشکدۀ علوم تربیتی و روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

آسیب‌های ورزشی، از تجربه‌های بسیار سخت و خطرناکی است که ورزشکاران در طول فعالیت ورزشی خود با آن روبه‌رو می‌شوند. حتی پس از بهبود، عوامل روان‌شناختی مثل ترس از حرکت و اضطراب  می‌توانند بر بازگشت  به ورزش تأثیر بگذارند. هدف پژوهش مقایسۀ ترس از حرکت یا آسیب مجدد و اضطراب ناشی از درد در ورزشکاران با و بدون سابقۀ آسیب‌دیدگی عضلانی اسکلتی بود. پژوهش حاضر از نظر هدف کاربردی و به لحاظ روش پژوهش علّی-مقایسه‌ای بود. در این تحقیق 60 ورزشکار مرد حرفه‌ای و نیمه‌حرفه‌ای رشته‌های مختلف ورزشی کشور شرکت داشتند  که 30 نفر از آنها سابقۀ آسیب‌دیدگی عضلانی-اسکلتی داشتند و حداقل دو ماه از حضور در میادین و فعالیت ورزشی دور بودند.  نمونه‌گیری به‌صورت در دسترس و هدفمند بود. برای تجزیه‌وتحلیل داده‌ها از پرسشنامه‌های ترس از حرکت و اضطراب ناشی از درد استفاده شد. داده‌ها با آزمون تی مستقل تحلیل شدند. نتایج نشان داد که بین دو گروه ورزشکاران  با و بدون سابقۀ آسیب‌دیدگی تفاوت معناداری وجود دارد (05/0≥p). بدین‌معنی که ترس از آسیب مجدد و اضطراب ناشی از درد گروه با سابقۀ آسیب‌دیدگی نمرات بالاتری نسبت به گروه بدون سابقۀ آسیب کسب کردند. بنابراین شناسایی عوامل شناختی مهم درگیر در ادراک درد و وجود برنامه‌های توانبخشی برای بهبود روانی و درگیری ذهنی پس از آسیب‌دیدگی ورزشکاران حائز اهمیت است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Fear of Movement and Anxiety Caused by Pain in Athletes with and without Musculoskeletal Injury

نویسندگان [English]

  • Maryam Kavyani 1
  • Fahime Badie 2
  • Ali Khatibi 3
  • Mohsen Dehghani 4

1 Assistance Professor, Faculty of Sport Sciences and Health , Shahid Beheshti University ,Tehran,Iran

2 Msc , Faculty of Sport Sciences and Health , Shahid Beheshti University , Tehran ,Iran

3 Postdoctoral Researcher , Center of Precision Rehabilitation for Spinal Pain(CPR Spin) , School of Sport, Exercise and Rehabiliation Sciences ,College of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham

4 Assosiate Professor, Department of Psychology, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran

چکیده [English]

The aim of the present study was to compare pain related cognitions and selective attention to painful stimuli in athletes with and without a history of skeletal muscle injury.The present study was an applied and quasi-experimental research.

The population under study included 60 professional and semi-professional male athletes in different fields of sport, 30 of whom had a history of musculoskeletal injury who had been in the field for at least two months. Sports were far, far away. The sampling method was accessible and purposeful. The instruments used in this study were questionnaires of fear of movement, earache and pain anxiety. Selective attention to painful stimuli was measured using the spot exploration test designed and constructed for the present study. The data were analyzed using independent t-test.

The results showed that there was a significant difference between two groups of athletes with and without a history of injury. Also in other cognitive indices, fear of movement, consciousness, and ear-to-ear pain and anxiety-related anxiety scores were higher than those without a history of injury.

Athletes are subject to many injuries due to the nature of the exercise. It is important to pay attention to identify the important cognitive factors involved in the perception of post-traumatic pain and the existence of appropriate rehabilitation programs and therapies to improve the mental and post-traumatic mental involvement of athletes along with attention to physiological factors and physical recovery.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Anxiety
  • Professional Athletes
  • Musculoskeletal Injury
  • Pain Perception
  • Fear
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