تأثیر خودحرکتی بر ادراک فاصله: بررسی جفت شدن ادراک و عمل

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد رفتار حرکتی، گروه رفتار حرکتی، دانشکدۀ علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه ارومیه، ارومیه، ایران

2 استادیار رفتار حرکتی، گروه رفتار حرکتی، دانشکدۀ علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه ارومیه، ارومیه، ایران

10.22059/jmlm.2022.333849.1624

چکیده

هدف از تحقیق حاضر بررسی تأثیر خودحرکتی بر ادراک فاصله بود. روش تحقیق حاضر از نوع نیمه‌تجربی بود. جامعۀ آماری دانشجویان دانشگاه ارومیه بودند که به‌طور تصادفی در دسترس 60 نفر (30 پسر و 30 دختر) با میانگین سنی 73/2 ± 19 سال که شرایط شرکت در تحقیق را داشتند، به‌عنوان نمونه انتخاب شدند و به سه گروه 20 نفره شامل گروه ایستا، گروه پویا با سرعت 4 کیلومتر در ساعت و گروه پویا با سرعت 8 کیلومتر در ساعت تقسیم شدند. از آزمون راه رفتن با چشم بسته در مسیر مستقیم به سمت هدفِ قبلاً مشاهده‌شده برای سنجش ادراک فاصله استفاده شد. یافته‌های حاصل از آزمون تحلیل واریانس نشان داد که در ادراک فاصلۀ بین گروه‌ها تفاوت معناداری وجود ندارد، درحالی‌که در ادراک فاصله با چشم بسته بین گروه‌ها تفاوت معناداری وجود دارد. همچنین در نمرات ادراک فاصله با چشم بسته بین گروه حرکت با سرعت تردمیل 4 و 8 کیلومتر در ساعت تفاوت معناداری وجود ندارد، ولی تفاوت این دو گروه با گروه ایستا معنادار است. در نهایت نتایج نشان داد هرچند خودحرکتی بر ادراک فاصله با چشم بسته تأثیر دارد، سرعت حرکت تأثیری بر این ادراک ندارد؛ بنابراین، حرکت می‌تواند بر ادراک محیط پیرامون اثرگذار باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Self-Movement on Distance Perception: An Examination of Perception-Action Coupling

نویسندگان [English]

  • Atefe Eftekhari 1
  • jalal Dehghanizade 2
1 MA, Department of Motor Behavior, Faculty of sport sciences, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran
2 Assistant Professor in Motor Behavior, Department of Motor Behavior, Faculty of sport sciences, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran
چکیده [English]

The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of self-movement on distance perception. The method of the present study is quasi-experimental. The statistical population of the present study was the students of Urmia University who were randomly selected as a sample of 60 students who were eligible to participate in the study and were randomly divided into three groups of 20 people including static group, dynamic group with treadmill speed 4 Km/h and the dynamic group were divided at a speed of 8 km/h. The test of walking blindfolded in a straight line to a previously observed target was used to measure distance perception. The results of analysis of variance showed that there was no significant difference in the perception of estimating the distance between groups, while there was a significant difference in the perception of distance with closed eyes between groups and also in perception scores. There is no significant difference in distance with closed eyes between the movement group with treadmill speeds 4 and 8, but the difference between these two groups with the group without movement is significant and Finally, the results showed that although self-motion affects the perception of distance with the eyes closed, but the speed of movement does not affect this perception. Therefore, movement can affect the perception of the surrounding environment.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Self-movement
  • perception
  • speed of movement
  • Distance
  • students
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